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From clicking the perfect photograph to teaching our children, we use various forms of Artificial Intelligence in our daily lives. Very soon, it will become an indispensable part of our routine, says Ashwin Rajagopalan

When Oscar-winning director Martin Scorsese decided to make the critically-acclaimed film Irishman, he had a unique problem on his hands. The film’s three lead actors – Robert De Niro, Al Pacino and Joe Pesci – had to play characters much younger than their actual age in a film that takes place between 1949 and 2000. The solution was Flux, a unique visual effects (VFX) de-ageing tool. Flux used a catalogue of thousands of frames drawn from the actors’ careers that included noses, eyes and mouths that could be placed in the scenes. An Artificial Intelligence (AI) system combed the image archive to provide a reference image to transform the actors’ looks. The audience saw the actors de-age on screen but couldn’t guess how. That’s the beauty of AI: it’s everywhere yet most of us don’t realise how it’s as much a part of our present as it will define the future. Here’s a look at the areas where AI is playing an integral role in our daily lives:

Smartphone photography
From Deep Fusion, a computational photography process in the iPhone 11 series, to Google’s brilliant Night Sight mode that elevates images shot in low light – almost every smartphone camera has AI working in the background. It doesn’t just cover up the poor decisions we might take in terms of lighting conditions but does so effortlessly and with minimal fuss.

Virtual assistants
From Alexa and Siri to Google Assistant – digital assistants are getting smarter and going beyond just smartphones. Think smart speakers and smart displays. Along with ordering a pizza and searching for information, AI-driven assistants are not just adding more skills but also developing the ability to strike a conversation with even a sense of humour!

AI-based chatbots
Planning a holiday or need help choosing an insurance policy? There’s a good chance that an AI-based chatbot might be your first point of interaction when you open a website. Several travel service companies, airlines, food chains, marketing agencies and fitness institutions are using chatbots to manage routine queries that aid a customer to make the right decision.

Facial recognition
This much-talked about Artificial Intelligence application is being used across the world and though, not always welcomed by the masses, it will only get smarter with the passage of time. Smart facial recognition can help security agencies and also assist businesses provide more personalised services to their customers.

AI could soon provide a solution for rising healthcare costs. PathAI is an American company that has created an AI-powered solution for pathologists that helps them analyse tissue samples and make extremely accurate diagnoses. The application also uses AI to help patients with minor aches, pains and illnesses by using machine learning to analyse clinical and medical data. The application doesn’t just make recommendations but also helps patients schedule appointments and make payments.

Financial management
Companies are leveraging from AI solutions that can crunch vast volumes of data to provide critical financial insights. Take Betterment for example, an automated financial investing platform that uses AI to learn about an investor. It builds a personalised profile based on her/his financial plans by automating tax loss and portfolio management. Many Fortune 500 companies lean on Alphasense, an AI-powered financial search engine that uses linguistic search and natural language processing to analyse millions of data points across thousands of financial institutions to generate comparative reports. Automated Machine Learning, an AI-based solution, is  revolutionising business analytics.

Everyday applications
The debate of consumer privacy continues even as large players like Google and Facebook successfully use AI. Google’s AI solutions include Google Maps, an app on which millions depend to track live traffic or while using ride-sharing platforms like Uber, which also depends on this solution. Facebook’s AI team relies on its image recognition model, which is why photo-tagging suggestions appear on the social media platform.

Driverless cars
While voice-enabled tech and smart features are becoming common in cars on Indian roads, trials of self-driving cars pioneered abroad by companies like Google and Audi have been taking place for years now. This is an area where breakthroughs seem slow, partly because the traffic systems of every city need to be entirely reimagined. But as AI evolves with time, this could soon become a reality.

AI in education
AI has already been applied to education, primarily in tools that help develop skills and testing systems. From aiding students to get a better grasp of a subject and increasing efficiency to helping teachers streamline administrative tasks – AI is the way ahead. Not just that, these technologies are also capable of adjusting teaching levels based on an individual student’s particular needs. Moreover, since the future is one where AI is reality, such methods of education is but imperative.

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