एक विराट व्यक्तित्व

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eUuk Ms dh tUe’krkCnh ds volj ij lquhy feJ gesa bl egku xk;d ds laca/k esa jkspd tkudkjh ns jgs gSaA

Hkkjrh; flusek ds egku xk;d eUuk Ms dh tUe’krkCnh dk lky gS ;gA mudk tUe 1 ebZ 1919 dks gqvk FkkA mudk fu/ku 24 vDVwcj 2013 esa 94 o”kZ dh vk;q esa gqvkA gekjs flusek lalkj esa og egku xk;dksa dh ml Js.kh esa vkrs Fks] ftlesa yrk eaxs’kdj] eksgEen jQ+h] dqanu yky lgxy] gsear dqekj] xhrk nÙk] vk’kk Hkkslys bR;kfn dk uke vkrk gSA eUuk Ms if’pe caxky dh feV~Vh vkSj ifo= unh dk Loj Fks tks d#.kk] laosnu’khyrk] feBkl vkSj eeZ dks Nwdj >d>ksj nsus okys fopyu ls Hkjk FkkA og vk’kk Hkjs xhr xkdj ;fn euq”; thou dks ftthfo”kk ds fy, izsfjr djrs Fks rks nq[k&rdyhQ+≤&folaxfr vkSj foMEcuk ds xhrksa dks muds daB ls lqurs gq, eu lty gks tk;k djrk FkkA muds Loj esa vdsyk izsexku thou dh cfx;k dks Qqyokjh dh egd nsrk Fkk rks xkf;dk ds lkFk mudk ;qxy xku izse esa Mwc tkus dk egdHkjk vkHkkl djkrk FkkA

lqugjk vrhr

eUuk Ms dks laxhr ds laLdkj cpiu ls feys FksA cpiu dk mudk uke Fkk izcks/k panz MsA mUgsa muds pkpk ls laxhr dh f’k{kk feyh Fkh] tks tUe ls n`f”Vckf/kr FksA fdarq daB Loj vkSj laxhr ds jl foKku vkSj jlk;u ds xq.kh lk/kd FksA eUuk Ms dk laxhr O;kdj.k ogha ls ifjiDo vkSj le`) gqvkA vius pkpk ds lkFk laxhr ds laLdkjksa esa jr jgs eUuk Ms muds lkFk gh eqacbZ vk x,A mudk ;g liuk rks Fkk fd fQ+Ye txr esa viuk LFkku cukuk gS ysfdu igys ls LFkkfir laxhrdkj] xk;dksa ds chp vius fy, NksVh lh txg Hkh ryk’k djukv vklku u FkkA muds pkpk dk flusek ds lfØ; laxhrdkjksa esa cM+k vknj Fkk vkSj ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd mUgsa ,dne ls fujk’k ugha fd;k x;kA muds ckjs esa laxhrdkjksa us tkuuk pkgk] lquuk pkgk vkSj viuh jk; nhA vkjaHk esa tc rd mUgsa volj ugha feys Fks rc rd muds izfr ;gh lksp Fkh fd mudk lhfer nk;js dk Loj gSA ftl :ekfu;r dks rc ds flusek esa lQyrk fey jgh Fkh vkSj nwljs xk;d yksdfiz; Fks] ogka eUuk nk ikSjkf.kd fQ+Yeksa ds xk;d] vkjrh] HkfDr laxhr ds xk;d vFkok thou ewY;ksa ;k foMEcuk dks lqj nsus okys xk;d ds :i esa ifjfpr gks jgs FksA ml le;] fot; HkV~V ikSjkf.kd fQ+Yeksa ds lQy ,oa izfrf”Br fuekZrk FksA jkejkT; mudh cgqpfpZr fQ+Ye Fkh] ftlesa eUuk Ms dks xkus dk volj feykA ;g 1943 dh ckr FkhA rc ns’k vkt+kn ugha gqvk FkkA vaxzst+ksa ds lkFk Hkkjrh;ksa ds la?k”kZ esa] fQ+Yedkj viuh rjg dk ;ksxnku nsrs Fks vkSj gkSlyk vkQ+tkbZ okys xhrksa ds ek/;e ls tkx:drk ykus esa viuh fouez Hkwfedk dk fuokZg djrs FksA eUuk Ms ds xkus ^vtc fof/k dk ys[k fdlh ls i<+k ugha tk,]* ^py rw nwj uxfj;k* rFkk ^R;kxe;h rw x;h rsjh vej Hkkouk* jkejkT; fQ+Ye ds izk.k cudj izfl) gq,A jk"Vªfirk egkRek xka/kh us ;g fQ+Ye ns[kh Fkh] mUgsa ;g fQ+Ye ilan FkhA mrkj&p<+ko Hkjh ;k=k

ge ;gka ls eUuk Ms dh ,d yach ;k=k ns[krs gSa] tks cM+s mrkj&p<+koksa ds lkFk ijoku p<+hA ’kk;n gh dksbZ ,sls laxhrdkj gksaxs ftuds lkFk mUgksaus xk;k u gksA og viuh rjg ds l[r] vuq’kkflr] dyk vkSj mÙkjnkf;Roksa ds izfr csgn bZekunkj O;fDr Fks] blhfy, lc mudk cgqr vknj djrs FksA ;fn nwljs xk;d nl xhr ,d le; esa xk jgs gksrs Fks rks eUuk Ms ds ikl ,d xhr gksrk Fkk] ysfdu og xhr nwljs xk;dksa ds ikap xhrksa ds ot+u cjkcj gksrk FkkA ;g [+kwch bl foy{k.k xk;d esa FkhA eUuk Ms ds uke fdruh gh ikSjkf.kd fQ+Yesa gSa] dqN uke gSa & jkejkT;] egkdfo dkfynkl] okYehfd] egkRek] jkek;.k] t; egknso] t; vEcs] ujlh Hkxr vkfnA ogha nwljh lQy fQ+Yesa tSls vkokjk] ifj.khrk] cwVikWfy’k] Jh 420] lhek] >ud >ud ik;y ckts] nsonkl] pksjh pksjh] nks vka[ksa ckjg gkFk] vukM+h] uojax] cjlkr dh jkr] vuqjk/kk] ftl ns’k esa xaxk cgrh gS] cStw ckojk] dkcqyhokyk] oDr] fp=ys[kk] rhljh dle] ,d Qwy nks ekyh] midkj] iM+kslu] esjk uke tksdj] vkfo”dkj] tathj] ’kksys] laU;klh] vuqjks/k] vCnqYykg] ykokfjl vkfn ds uke rRdky tgu esa vkrs gSa] ;ksa eUuk Ms us yxHkx nks lkS ls vf/kd fQ+Yeksa ds fy, ik’oZ xk;u fd;k gSA eUuk Ms funsZ’kdksa dh ilan Hkh FksA jktdiwj tSls fQ+Yedkj ftudh fQ+Yeksa esa mudk Loj eqds’k gqvk djrs Fks] mUgksaus eUuk Ms dks xkus dk volj fn;k] rHkh ^vk tk lue e/kqj pkanuh esa ge]* ^,s HkkbZ t+jk ns[k ds pyks]* ^I;kj gqvk bdjkj gqvk gS* tSls xkus gq, vkSj vkt Hkh ge mudks mlh :ekuh vuqHkwfr ds lkFk ;kn djrs gSaA ^rw I;kj dk lkxj gS]* ^dLes okns I;kj oQ+k lc]* ^fta+nxh dSlh gS igsyh gk;]* ^D;k ekj ldsxh ekSr mls vkSjksa ds fy, tks thrk gS]* ^pyr eqlkfQ+j eksg fy;k js fiatjs okyh eqfu;k]* ^rqe cslgkjk gks rks fdlh dk lgkjk cuks]* ^galus dh pkg us fdruk eq>s #yk;k gS]* ^,s esjs I;kjs oru ,s esjs fcNM+s peu rq> is fny dqjcku]* ^Åij xxu fo’kky uhps xgjk ikrky]* ^;kjh gS bZeku esjk* xkuksa dk Lej.k ek= tSls thou vkSj mlds ;FkkZFk dk n’kZu djkrk gSA cjlkr dh jkr dh ckjg feuV dh dOokyh ^u rks dkjoka dh ryk’k gS* dks ugha Hkwyk tk ldrkA oSls gh eUuk Ms vkSj iafMr Hkhelsu tks’kh dk lkFk xk;k clar cgkj dk xhr] ^dsrdh xqykc twgh pEid cu Qwysa* bl fQ+Ye esa og dykdkj uk;d ls gkj tkrk gS ftl ij Hkhelsu tks’kh dh vkokt+ fQ+YekbZ xbZ gSA eUuk Ms bl xkus dks ys gh ugha jgs Fks fd esjs lkeus iafMr th gkj tk,a] ;g dSls laHko gS] ckn esa Hkhelsu tks’kh us mudks euk&euqgkj dj ceqf’dy jkt+h fd;kA

lEekfur gLrh

eUuk Ms ,d fojkV O;fDrRo ds Lokeh FksA tks vR;ar lgtrk esa jgrs FksA mUgsa iùHkw”k.k ,oa nknk lkgc QkYds tSls ;’kLoh lEekuksa ls foHkwf”kr fd;k x;kA 94&95 o”kZ dh mez esa Hkh viuk lkeku Lo;a mBkuk] ykbu esa yxdj /khjt ds lkFk viuh ckjh dh izrh{kk djuk mudh fo’ks”krk FkhA ,d ckj mUgsa Hkksiky gokbZ vM~Ms ij fonk djus vk;k Fkk] lqcg dh mM+ku FkhA cksfMZax ikl ysus ds fy, og nlosa&ckjgosa uacj ij [kM+s gks x,A dkmaVj ij cSBh ifjpkfjdk mUgsa igpkudj mBdj muds ikl vkbZ vkSj dgus yxh] ^^lj vki pfy, vkxs] eSa vkidks cksfMZax ikl rqjar ns jgh gwa** rks mUgksaus mls n`<+rkiwoZd euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ^^eSa ykbu ls gh vkÅaxkA** ,slk egku O;fDrRo gekjs lalkj ls] gekjs chp ls fonk ys x;kA ;s os yksx gSa ftUgksaus viuh mifLFkfr vkSj deZ.;rk ls ;Fkk’kfDr] ;Fkk{kerk lalkj dks csgrj cuk, j[kus dk iq#"kkFkZ fd;kA mUgsa ueu!

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